Silver nanoparticles of 70 nm and 20 nm affect differently the biology of human neutrophils.

Abstract : The influence of size of nanoparticles (NP), especially in regard to pulmonary toxicity, has been widely investigated. In general, NP with smaller diameters are more pro-inflammatory in vivo, at least in terms of neutrophil influx. Nevertheless, the influence of size of NP on polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) cell biology is poorly documented. In the study here, it was decided to determine if AgNP with a diameter of 70 nm (AgNP70) will alter the biology of human PMN similarly to AgNP20 previously reported to induce apoptosis and inhibit de novo protein synthesis. The results here indicated that, in contrast to AgNP20, AgNP70 delayed PMN apoptosis. However, both AgNP20 and AgNP70 inhibited de novo protein synthesis. Both forms of AgNP did not significantly increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, but AgNP20 significantly increased the cell production of the CXCL8 chemokine (IL-8). In addition, AgNP20, but not AgNP70, induced the release of albumin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9/gelatinase B) into culture supernatants. Consistent with this latter observation, gelatinase activity was increased by AgNP20, as assessed by zymography. From these outcomes, it is concluded that two NP with different initial diameters can possess similar - as well as distinct - biological properties in modulating human PMN functions. These outcomes are testimony to the complexity of the modes of action of NP at the cellular level.
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Journal of Immunotoxicology, Informa Healthcare, 2016, 13 (3), pp.375-85. 〈10.3109/1547691X.2015.1106622 〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 3 août 2016 - 21:44:29
Dernière modification le : mercredi 24 août 2016 - 12:42:07

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Michelle Poirier, Jean-Christophe Simard, Denis Girard. Silver nanoparticles of 70 nm and 20 nm affect differently the biology of human neutrophils.. Journal of Immunotoxicology, Informa Healthcare, 2016, 13 (3), pp.375-85. 〈10.3109/1547691X.2015.1106622 〉. 〈pasteur-01351538〉

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