Catecholate siderophore esterases Fes, IroD and IroE are required for salmochelins secretion following utilization, but only IroD contributes to virulence of extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli.

Abstract : Salmochelins are glucosylated forms of enterobactin (enterochelin) and contribute to the virulence of Salmonella enterica and some extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC). Fes, IroD and IroE esterases degrade salmochelins and enterobactin to release iron. We investigated the apparently redundant role of these esterases in virulence and in salmochelin production and utilization of the ExPEC strain χ7122. The ΔiroD, ΔfesΔiroD and ΔfesΔiroDΔiroE mutants displayed attenuated virulence phenotypes in an avian systemic infection model. Growth of ΔfesΔiroD and ΔfesΔiroDΔiroE mutants was severely reduced in the presence of conalbumin, and although enterobactin was produced, no salmochelins were detected in the culture supernatants of these mutants. Elimination of catecholate synthesis via an entA deletion in a ΔfesΔiroDΔiroE restored growth in the presence of conalbumin, but only partially restored the virulence of the strain. Salmochelin production was reestablished by reintroducing active esterases. Intracellular accumulation of cyclic mono-glucosylated enterobactin was observed in the triple mutant ΔfesΔiroDΔiroE, and deletion of fepC, required for catecholate import into the cytoplasm, restored salmochelin detection in supernatants. These results suggest that in the absence of esterases, cyclic salmochelins are synthesized and secreted, but remain cell-bound after internalization indicating that esterase-mediated degradation is required for re-secretion of catecholate siderophore molecules following their utilization.
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Molecular Microbiology, Wiley, 2015, 97 (4), pp.717-32. 〈10.1111/mmi.13059〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 4 août 2016 - 20:46:20
Dernière modification le : lundi 8 octobre 2018 - 17:44:05

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Mélissa Caza, Amélie Garénaux, François Lépine, Charles M Dozois. Catecholate siderophore esterases Fes, IroD and IroE are required for salmochelins secretion following utilization, but only IroD contributes to virulence of extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli.. Molecular Microbiology, Wiley, 2015, 97 (4), pp.717-32. 〈10.1111/mmi.13059〉. 〈pasteur-01351904〉

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