Hépatite auto-immune associée à une granulomatose septique chronique chez une fille de 2 ans

Abstract : Background. Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare inherited primary immune deficiency disease characterized by recurrent infection and an increased susceptibility to autoimmunity disorders. We report on the case of a girl with autoimmune hepatitis in chronic granulomatous disease to describe the clinical and biological features and treatment implications for patients with chronic granulomatous disease associated with autoimmune disorders. Case report. An 18-month-old girl was referred to our department for investigation of hepatomegaly. She was the third child of non-consanguineous parents. Her two elder sisters had died from infectious diseases at an early age. She had elevated liver transaminase levels with a normal gamma globulin concentration. Negative results were found for all autoimmune markers (antinuclear antibody, anti-smooth muscle, anti-liver-kidney microsomal, anti-liver cytosol and anti-soluble liver antigen). Her liver biopsy showed features of interface hepatitis with portal fibrosis. The diagnosis of seronegative autoimmune hepatitis was established. Treatment with corticosteroids and azathioprine led to clinical improvement with normalization of transaminases. Six months after initial presentation, at the age of 2 years, she was readmitted for fever. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia was identified with multiple foci of infection (skin infection, arthritis of the right elbow, pneumonia, buttock abscess). The immunological workup revealed chronic granulomatous disease. The course was marked by a fatal outcome despite appropriate antibiotics and intensive care. Conclusion. Early diagnosis of the association between chronic granulomatous disease and autoimmune disorders allows for appropriate treatments, improves the quality of life for affected patients, and reduces the risk of mortality. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2015, 22 (5), pp.518-522. 〈10.1016/j.arcped.2015.02.003〉
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Soumis le : dimanche 2 octobre 2016 - 20:01:34
Dernière modification le : lundi 8 octobre 2018 - 17:44:08

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L. Gargouri, F. Safi, I. Mejdoub, B. Maalej, N. Mekki, et al.. Hépatite auto-immune associée à une granulomatose septique chronique chez une fille de 2 ans. Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2015, 22 (5), pp.518-522. 〈10.1016/j.arcped.2015.02.003〉. 〈pasteur-01375012〉

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