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IncI1 Plasmids Carrying bla(CTX-M-1) or bla(CMY-2) Genes in Escherichia coli from Healthy Humans and Animals in Tunisia

Abstract : The objective was to determine the location of bla(CTX-M-1) and bla(CMY-2) genes in 33 Escherichia coli isolates previously obtained from healthy humans, pets, and food-producing animals in Tunisia, and to characterize the genetic lineages of isolates. Molecular typing was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)-XbaI and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Plasmids were analyzed by S1-PFGE, polymerase chain reaction-based replicon typing, and plasmid MLST. Conjugation experiments were performed. The bla(CTX-M-1) and bla(CMY-2) genes were studied by I-Ceu1-PFGE and S1-PFGE, and subsequent hybridization with specific probes. Eighteen different sequence types (STs) were identified among the 30 CTX-M-1-producing isolates, 5 of them being detected in 17 isolates (ST/phylogroup): ST57/D, ST155/B1, ST58/B1, ST10/A, and ST398/A. Most of the bla(CTX-M-1)-positive isolates had different PFGE profiles, with the exception of four human and pet isolates of lineage ST57 with related PFGE profiles (>80% identity). Three CMY-2-producing isolates were typed as ST58/B1, ST117/D, and ST3632/B2. The IncI1 replicon was detected in all the 33 E. coli studied isolates, in many cases in combination with other replicons: IncF, IncX, IncK, IncR, IncY, colE, or IncN. The bla(CTX-M-1) gene was transferred by conjugation in 22 of the 30 positive strains and was located into IncI1 plasmids (ST3-CC3); the bla(CMY-2) gene was located into a conjugative IncI1 plasmid (ST12) of 97 kb in one strain. One bla(CTX-M-1)-positive strain carried the qnrB19 gene in a 33 kb IncX plasmid. Diverse genetic lineages are detected in extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-and AmpC beta-lactamase-producing E. coli from different origins. The bla(CTX-M-1) and bla(CMY-2) genes were associated with conjugative IncI1 (ST3 and ST12, respectively) plasmids in E. coli strains from human and animal origin.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 5, 2017 - 12:54:25 PM
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Rym Ben Sallem, Karim Ben Slama, Beatriz Rojo-Bezares, Nerea Porres-Osante, Ahlem Jouini, et al.. IncI1 Plasmids Carrying bla(CTX-M-1) or bla(CMY-2) Genes in Escherichia coli from Healthy Humans and Animals in Tunisia. Microbial Drug Resistance, 2014, 20 (5), pp.495-500. ⟨10.1089/mdr.2013.0224⟩. ⟨pasteur-01375061⟩



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