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Type 2 diabetes in Mauritania: Prevalence of the undiagnosed diabetes, influence of family history and maternal effect

Abstract : Aim: We estimated the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, analyzed the influence of family history on the occurrence of T2D and evaluated its aggregation pattern in the Mauritanian population. Methods: The prevalence of unknown diabetes was obtained using data compiled from 1278 Mauritanian adults applying a questionnaire and fasting serum glucose tests. Detailed family history of diabetes and clinical characteristics were gathered from 421 T2D patients. Results: The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was 4.7 +/- 1.2% in the studied population (3.1% in men and 6.4% in women). 27% of T2D patients reported at least one relative with diabetes. Association between family history and diabetes was higher among first degree compared to second degree relatives (p = 0.003). We observed more probands with an affected mother than those who have a father with diabetes (p = 0.002), suggesting a preferential maternal effect which did not extend to second degree relatives. Conclusions: These results show that the prevalence of diabetes in the Mauritanian population could be higher than currently thought. Family history screening may be used in the management of this condition in Mauritania. (C) 2012 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01375112
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Submitted on : Monday, April 30, 2018 - 3:54:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 6:48:03 PM

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Ghlana Meiloud, Imen Arfa, Rym Kefi, Isselmou Abdelhamid, Fatimetou Veten, et al.. Type 2 diabetes in Mauritania: Prevalence of the undiagnosed diabetes, influence of family history and maternal effect. Primary Care Diabetes, PCDE/Elsevier, 2013, 7 (1), pp.19 - 24. ⟨10.1016/j.pcd.2012.12.002⟩. ⟨pasteur-01375112⟩

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