Subtype-selective activation of K(v)7 channels by AaTXKβ₂₋₆₄, a novel toxin variant from the Androctonus australis scorpion venom.

Abstract : K(v)7.4 channel subunits are expressed in central auditory pathways and in inner ear sensory hair cells and skeletal and smooth muscle cells. Openers of K(v)7.4 channels have been suggested to improve hearing loss, systemic or pulmonary arterial hypertension, urinary incontinence, gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric diseases, and skeletal muscle disorders. Scorpion venoms are a large source of peptides active on K1 channels. Therefore, we have optimized a combined purification/screening procedure to identify specific modulator(s) of K(v)7.4 channels from the venom of the North African scorpion Androctonus australis (Aa). We report the isolation and functional characterization of AaTXK beta((2-64)), a novel variant of AaTXK beta((1-64)), in a high-performance liquid chromatography fraction from Aa venom (named P8), which acts as the first peptide activator of K(v)7.4 channels. In particular, in both Xenopus oocytes and mammalian Chinese hamster ovary cells, AaTXK beta((2-64)), but not AaTXK beta((1-64)), hyperpolarized the threshold voltage of current activation and increased the maximal currents of heterologously expressed K(v)7.4 channels. AaTXK beta((2-64)) also activated K(v)7.3, K(v)7.2/3, and K(v)7.5/3 channels, whereas homomeric K(v)1.1, K(v)7.1, and K(v)7.2 channels were unaffected. We anticipate that these results may prove useful in unraveling the novel biologic roles of AaTXK beta((2-64))-sensitive K(v)7 channels and developing novel pharmacologic tools that allow subtype-selective targeting of K(v)7 channels.
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Molecular Pharmacology, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2013, 84 (5), pp.763-773. 〈10.1124/mol.113.088971〉
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Contributeur : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Soumis le : lundi 2 octobre 2017 - 12:03:15
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 janvier 2018 - 14:48:01

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Zied Landoulsi, Francesco Miceli, Angelo Palmese, Angela Amoresano, Gennaro Marino, et al.. Subtype-selective activation of K(v)7 channels by AaTXKβ₂₋₆₄, a novel toxin variant from the Androctonus australis scorpion venom.. Molecular Pharmacology, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2013, 84 (5), pp.763-773. 〈10.1124/mol.113.088971〉. 〈pasteur-01375123〉

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