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Journal articles

Biofilm formation, virulence gene and multi-drug resistance in Salmonella Kentucky isolated in Tunisia

Abstract : Food-borne diseases caused by Salmonella enterica are a significant public health concern around the world. Since 2002, S. enterica serovar Kentucky has shown an increase in several countries with the concurrent emergence of multidrug-resistant isolates. The spread of such strains in the environment poses a major public health problem. A total of 57 Salmonella Kentucky strains isolated from different sources during the period 2005 to 2008 in Tunisia, were characterized by their antimicrobial and mercury resistance profiles; ability to form a biofilm; virulence invA/spvC genes and quorum sensing sdiA gene. A total of 10.6% of the isolates demonstrated multidrug-resistance against 3 to 13 antibiotics with ciprofloxacin resistance occurring in 33% of human isolates. In addition, 37% of the isolates exhibited minimum inhibitory concentrations value to mercuric chloride, ranging from 8 to 32 mu g ml(-1) and were considered as resistant strains. The majority of strains tested were able to form a biofilm, especially for environmental and animal derived isolates. Therefore, the biofilm seems to comprise a normal and favorable capability in the life of Salmonella Kentucky in the environment. Interestingly, all the isolates possessed the sdiA gene, 87.7% of isolates possessed the invA gene. and no isolate harbored the spvC gene. The emergence of resistance to ciprofloxacin in human Salmonella Kentucky isolates, added to the presence of invA and sdiA genes, and the production of biofilm could be the decisive factors in the dissemination Of S. Kentucky strains on a large scale. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Sunday, October 2, 2016 - 11:20:08 PM
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yousra Turki, Hadda Ouzari, Ines Mehri, Ridha Ben Aissa, Abdennaceur Hassen. Biofilm formation, virulence gene and multi-drug resistance in Salmonella Kentucky isolated in Tunisia. Food Research International, Elsevier, 2012, 45 (2), pp.940 - 946. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2011.05.031⟩. ⟨pasteur-01375131⟩



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