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C-type lectin protein isoforms of Macrovipera lebetina: cDNA cloning and genetic diversity

Abstract : Snake venom contains a complex protein mixture belonging to a few well-characterized protein families: disintegrins, phospholipase A2, serine protease, L-amino acid oxidase, Zn-dependent metalloproteinase, natriuretic peptides, myotoxins, cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP) toxins, Kunitz-type protease inhibitors and C-type lectin-like. Despite their pharmacological importance, little is known about the exact composition of each protein family. We report here the cloning of 25 complete ORFs from Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom gland that encodes several isoforms and novel C-type lectins (CTLs). 16 alpha and nine beta CTL chains were identified. Based on their sequence alignment, we categorized the 16 CTL alpha subunits into five groups and the nine CTL beta subunits into four groups to deduce the phylogenetic tree of M. lebetina transmediterranea CTLs. Sequence analysis revealed that they share a high degree of similarity with each other and with other snake venom CTLs. The M. lebetina transmediterranea CTL sequences described here contain a C-lectin carbohydrate recognition domain-like fold (C-lectin CRD-like) characterized by several conserved amino acid residues in their structure, especially the cysteine. Finally, based on the comparison of some Macrovipera CTL, we propose that some new CTL gene versions should have occurred through ``domains shuffling'' from former genes. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Jed Jebali, Amine Bazaa, Samah Sarray, Khemais Benhaj, Anis Karboul, et al.. C-type lectin protein isoforms of Macrovipera lebetina: cDNA cloning and genetic diversity. Toxicon, Elsevier, 2009, 53 (2), pp.228-237. ⟨10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.11.006⟩. ⟨pasteur-01375183⟩

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