Characterization and technological properties of Staphylococcus xylosus strains isolated from a Tunisian traditional salted meat.

Abstract : The technological properties of strains of Staphylococcus xylosus were studied to select the most suitable for use as starter cultures for the production of dried fermented meat products. Strains of S. xylosus were isolated from traditional salted Tunisian meat and were identified by biochemical and molecular methods. Thirty strains of S. xylosus were studied to evaluate their catalase, nitrate reductase, lipolytic, proteolytic and antibacterial activities as well as growth ability at different temperatures, pH's and NaCl concentrations. All strains of S. xylosus had catalase activity and were able to reduce nitrates to nitrites. The nitrate reductase activity increased when the strains were kept under anaerobic conditions. Proteolytic activity on milk and on gelatin agar was demonstrated for 100% and 83.3% of the S. xylosus isolates, respectively. However extracellular proteolytic activity as assessed by the azocasein method was poor in all the strains. Lipolytic activity as assessed by the agar method showed that 76.6% of strains of S. xylosus could hydrolyze Tween 20 against 33.3% that could hydrolyze tributyrin. Tween 80 was hydrolyzed by only 10% of strains. Strains of S. xylosus hydrolyzed pork fat better than beef and lamb fat. The majority of strains had antibacterial activity against Salmonella arizonae, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 30, 2018 - 4:21:35 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:08 PM

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Ines Essid, Hanen Ben Ismail, Sami Bel Hadj Ahmed, Rahik Ghedamsi, Mnasser Hassouna. Characterization and technological properties of Staphylococcus xylosus strains isolated from a Tunisian traditional salted meat.. Meat Science, Elsevier, 2007, 77 (2), pp.204-12. ⟨10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.03.003⟩. ⟨pasteur-01375246⟩

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