Molecular cloning of disintegrins from Cerastes vipera and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom gland cDNA libraries: insight into the evolution of the snake venom integrin-inhibition system

Abstract : We report the cloning and sequence analysis of Cerastes Opera and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea cDNAs coding for short non-RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) disintegrins and for dimeric disintegrin subunits. The mRNAs belong to the short-coding class, suggesting that these disintegrin mRNAs may be more widely distributed than previously thought. Our data also argue for a common ancestry of the mRNAs of short disintegrins and those coding for precursors of dimeric disintegrin chains. The Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea dimeric disintegrin reported to inhibit the laminin-binding integrins alpha(3)ss(1), alpha(6)ss(1) and alpha(7)ss(1) was allalysed using a proteomic approach and was shown to bear MLD (Met-Leu-Asp) and VGD (Val-Gly-Asp) motifs. The results highlight the fact that disintegrins have evolved a restricted panel of integrin-blocking sequences that segregate with defined branches of the phylogenetic tree of the integrin a-chains, providing novel insights into the evolutionary adaptation of the snake venom antagonists to the ligand-binding sites of their target integrin receptors.
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Biochemical Journal, Portland Press, 2006, 395 (2), pp.385-392. 〈10.1042/BJ20051678〉
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L Sanz, A Bazaa, N Marrakchi, A Perez, M Chenik, et al.. Molecular cloning of disintegrins from Cerastes vipera and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom gland cDNA libraries: insight into the evolution of the snake venom integrin-inhibition system. Biochemical Journal, Portland Press, 2006, 395 (2), pp.385-392. 〈10.1042/BJ20051678〉. 〈pasteur-01375256〉

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