Biochemical and Monolayer characterization of Tunisian snake venom phospholipases

Abstract : The present study investigated the kinetic and interfacial properties of two secreted phospholipases isolated from Tunisian vipers'venoms: Cerastes cerastes (CC-PLA2) and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea (MVL-PLA2). Results show that these enzymes have great different abilities to bind and hydrolyse phospholipids. Using egg-yolk emulsions as substrate at pH 8, we found that MVL-PLA2 has a specific activity of 1473 U/mg at 37 degrees C in presence of 1 mM CaCl2. Furthermore the interfacial kinetic and binding data indicate that MVL-PLA2 has a preference to the zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine monolayers (PC). Conversely, CC-PLA2 was found to be able to hydrolyse preferentially negatively charged head group phospholipids (PG and PS) and exhibits a specific activity 9 times more important (13 333 U/mg at 60 degrees C in presence of 3 mM CaCl2). Molecular models of both CC-PLA2 and MVL-PLA2 3D structures have been built and their electrostatic potentials surfaces have been calculated. A marked anisotropy of the overall electrostatic charge distribution leads to a significantly difference in the dipole moment intensity between the two enzymes explaining the great differences in catalytic and binding properties, which seems to be governed by the electrostatic and hydrophobic forces operative at the surface of the two phospholipases
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International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2016, 〈10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.05.020〉
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Douja Bairam, Imen Aissa, Hanen Louati, Houcemeddine Othman, Zaineb Abdelkafi-Koubaa, et al.. Biochemical and Monolayer characterization of Tunisian snake venom phospholipases. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2016, 〈10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.05.020〉. 〈pasteur-01405543〉

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