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Tyrosine-Nitrated Proteins: Proteomic and Bioanalytical Aspects.

Résumé : "Nitroproteomic" is under active development, as 3-nitrotyrosine in proteins constitutes a footprint left by the reactions of nitric oxide-derived oxidants that are usually associated to oxidative stress conditions. Moreover, protein tyrosine nitration can cause structural and functional changes, which may be of pathophysiological relevance for human disease conditions. Biological protein tyrosine nitration is a free radical process involving the intermediacy of tyrosyl radicals; in spite of being a nonenzymatic process, nitration is selectively directed toward a limited subset of tyrosine residues. Precise identification and quantitation of 3-nitrotyrosine in proteins has represented a "tour de force" for researchers. Recent Advances: A small number of proteins are preferential targets of nitration (usually less than 100 proteins per proteome), contrasting with the large number of proteins modified by other post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation, acetylation, and, notably, S-nitrosation. Proteomic approaches have revealed key features of tyrosine nitration both in vivo and in vitro, including selectivity, site specificity, and effects in protein structure and function. Identification of 3-nitrotyrosine-containing proteins and mapping nitrated residues is challenging, due to low abundance of this oxidative modification in biological samples and its unfriendly behavior in mass spectrometry (MS)-based technologies, that is, MALDI, electrospray ionization, and collision-induced dissociation.
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Contributor : Mariella Botta Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 26, 2017 - 5:52:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 2:50:08 PM

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Carlos Batthyany, Bartesaghi S, Mastrogiovanni M, Analía Lima, Demicheli V, et al.. Tyrosine-Nitrated Proteins: Proteomic and Bioanalytical Aspects.. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 2017, 26 (7), pp.313-328. ⟨10.1089/ars.2016.6787⟩. ⟨pasteur-01498316⟩



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