Nerve growth factor influences cleavage rate and embryo development in sheep.

Abstract : Recent information about Nerve growth factor (NGF), a protein traditionally associated to the nervous system that regulates survival and maturation of developing neurons, suggests that it may exert action also on different levels in the reproductive system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of NGF added during in vitro oocyte maturation, fertilization or in vitro embryo development in sheep. Nerve growth factor was supplemented to the culture medium at 0, 100, or 1,000 ng/mL, during either in vitro maturation (Exp. 1), in vitro fertilization (Exp. 2), or in vitro culture (Exp. 3). In addition, NGF mRNA expression was determined in cumulus cells and oocytes. Nerve growth factor induced early cleavage when added during oocyte maturation or fertilization, improved embryo development when added during fertilization, and had no significant effect when added during embryo culture. In general, the effect was more evident with 100 rather than 1,000 ng/mL (P < 0.05). Expression of endogenous NGF was not detected in oocytes, and increased in cumulus cells when 1,000 ng/mL of NGF was added during fertilization, but not during maturation and embryo culture. In conclusion, the addition of NGF during oocyte maturation and fertilization affects in vitro cleavage and embryo development in sheep. We suggest a possible effect of this growth factor on oocyte maturation and mainly on the fertilization process.
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Journal articles
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01498338
Contributor : Mariella Botta <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 29, 2017 - 7:49:32 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:06 PM

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M Crispo, P C dos Santos-Neto, M Vilariño, A Mulet, A de León, et al.. Nerve growth factor influences cleavage rate and embryo development in sheep.. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2016, 94 (10), pp.4447-4451. ⟨10.2527/jas2016-0736⟩. ⟨pasteur-01498338⟩

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