In silico analysis and in vitro evaluation of immunogenic and immunomodulatory properties of promiscuous peptides derived from Leishmania infantum eukaryotic initiation factor

Abstract : It is generally considered as imperative the ability to control leishmaniasis through the development of a protective vaccine capable of inducing long-lasting and protective cell-mediated immune responses. In this current study, we demonstrated potential epitopes that bind to H2 MHC class I and II molecules by conducting the in silico analysis of Leishmania infantum eukaryotic Initiation Factor (LieIF) protein, using online available algorithms. Moreover, we synthesized five peptides (16–18 amino acids long) which are part of the N-terminal portion of LieIF and contain promising MHC class I and II-restricted epi-topes and afterwards, their predicted immunogenicity was evaluated in vitro by monitoring peptide-specific T-cell responses. Additionally, the immunomodulatory properties of these peptides were investigated in vitro by exploring their potential of inducing phenotypic maturation and functional differentiation of murine Bone-Marrow derived Dendritic Cells (BM-DCs). It was revealed by our data that all the synthetic peptides predicted for H2 alleles; present the property of immunogenicity. Among the synthetic peptides which contained T-cell epitopes, the peptide 52–68 aa (LieIF_2) exhibited immunomodulatory properties with the larger potential. LieIF_2-pulsed BM-DCs up-regulated the expression of the co-stim-ulatory surface molecules CD80 and CD86, as well as the production of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-a and of the Th1-polarizing cytokines IL-12 and IFN-c. The aforementioned data suggest that selected parts of LieIF could be used to develop innovative subunit protective vaccines able to induce effective immunity mediated by MHC class I-restricted as well as class II-restricted T-cell responses.
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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, Elsevier, 2017, 25 (21), pp.5904 - 5916. 〈10.1016/j.bmc.2017.07.013〉
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Olga Koutsoni, John Routsias, Ioannis Kyriazis, Mourad Barhoumi, Ikram Guizani, et al.. In silico analysis and in vitro evaluation of immunogenic and immunomodulatory properties of promiscuous peptides derived from Leishmania infantum eukaryotic initiation factor. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, Elsevier, 2017, 25 (21), pp.5904 - 5916. 〈10.1016/j.bmc.2017.07.013〉. 〈pasteur-01658014〉

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