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Journal articles

Effects of prostaglandin E2 on gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) in the rat epididymis

Mary Gregory 1 Daniel Cyr 1, * 
* Corresponding author
Abstract : Gap junctions are responsible for intercellular communication. In the adult mammalian epididymis, gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) is localized between basal and either principal or clear cells. GJA1 levels and localization change during the differentiation of basal cells. The present objective was to determine the role of basal cells and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on GJA1 in the rat epididymis. Prior to basal cell differentiation, GJA1 is colocalized with TJP1 at the apical lateral margins between adjacent epithelial cells. When basal cells are present, GJA1 becomes associated between basal and principal cells, where it is primarily immunolocalized until adulthood. Basal cells express TP63, differentiate from epithelial cells, and produce prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1) by 21 days of age. Prior to day 21, GJA1and TP63 are not strongly associated at the apical region. However, by day 28, TP63-positive basal cells migrate to the base of the epithelium, and also express GJA1. To assess effects of PGE2 on GJA1, rat caput epididymal cells (RCE) cells were exposed to PGE2 (50 μM) for 3 hrs. PGE2 increased levels of Gja1 mRNA in RCE cells, while levels of Gjb1, Gjb2, Gjb4 and GjB5 were unaltered. Furthermore, PGE2 increased protein levels of GJA1, phospho-GJA1, phospho-AKT, CTNNB1, and phospho-CTNNB1. Total AKT and the tight junction protein, claudin1 were also not altered by PGE2. Data suggest that development of the epididymal epithelium and differentiation of epididymal basal cells regulate the targeting of GJA1, and that this appears to be mediated by PGE2.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 8, 2018 - 8:28:07 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:05 PM




Mary Gregory, Daniel Cyr. Effects of prostaglandin E2 on gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) in the rat epididymis. Biology of Reproduction, Society for the Study of Reproduction, 2018, ⟨10.1093/biolre/ioy171⟩. ⟨pasteur-01855945⟩



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