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Profile of CYP19A1 mRNA expression and aromatase activity during syncytialization of primary human villous trophoblast cells at term

Abstract : Estrogen production by the human villous trophoblast is dependent on the biosynthetic enzyme aromatase (CYP19; CYP19A1) and is crucial for successful placental development and pregnancy outcome. Using villous cytotrophoblast cells (vCTs) freshly isolated from normal term placenta, we characterized the promoter-specific expression of CYP19A1 mRNA (derived from promoters I.1, I.4, I.8 or total transcript) and aromatase activity during villous trophoblast syncytialization. CYP19A1 mRNA levels and aromatase activity in vCTs reached a maximum after about 48 h of culture. The cAMP inducer forskolin (10 μM) and protein kinase C stimulant phorbol myristate acetate (1 μM) increased CYP19A1 mRNA levels by 1.8- and 1.6-fold, respectively, as well as inducing aromatase catalytic activity. Dexamethasone (100 nM) and vascular endothelial growth factor (5 ng/mL) decreased CYP19A1 mRNA levels, while having no effect on aromatase activity. Our results emphasize the importance of not solely studying CYP19A1 regulation and function at the mRNA level but also considering posttranslational mechanisms that alter the final catalytic activity of aromatase.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01855952
Contributor : Michel Courcelles <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 8, 2018 - 9:27:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 3:18:04 PM

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Andrée-Anne Hudon Thibeault, Cathy Vaillancourt, J. Thomas Sanderson. Profile of CYP19A1 mRNA expression and aromatase activity during syncytialization of primary human villous trophoblast cells at term. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2018, 148, pp.12 - 17. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2018.02.010⟩. ⟨pasteur-01855952⟩

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