Self-assembled human osseous cell sheets as living biopapers for the laser-assisted bioprinting of human endothelial cells

Abstract : A major challenge during the engineering of voluminous bone tissues is to maintain cell viability in the central regions of the construct. In vitro prevascularization of bone substitutes relying on endothelial cell bioprinting has the potential to resolve this issue and to replicate the native bone microvasculature. Laser-assisted bioprinting (LAB) commonly uses biological layers of hydrogel, called 'biopapers', to support patterns of printed cells and constitute the basic units of the construct. The self-assembly approach of tissue engineering allows the production of biomimetic cell-derived bone extracellular matrix including living cells. We hypothesized that self-assembled osseous sheets can serve as living biopapers to support the LAB of human endothelial cells and thus guide tubule-like structure formation. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were bioprinted on the surface of the biopapers following a predefined pattern of lines. The osseous biopapers showed relevant matrix mineralization and pro-angiogenic hallmarks. Our results revealed that formation of tubule-like structures was favored when the cellular orientation within the biopaper was parallel to the printed lines. Altogether, we validated that human osseous cell sheets can be used as biopapers for LAB, allowing the production of human prevascularized cell-based osseous constructs that can be relevant for autologous bone repair applications.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 8, 2018 - 9:48:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 28, 2018 - 1:15:42 PM

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F Kawecki, W Clafshenkel, F. Auger, J.M Bourget, J. Fradette, et al.. Self-assembled human osseous cell sheets as living biopapers for the laser-assisted bioprinting of human endothelial cells. Biofabrication, IOP Publishing, 2018, 10 (3), pp.035006. ⟨10.1088/1758-5090/aabd5b⟩. ⟨pasteur-01855956⟩

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