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Genetic parameters of objectionable fibers and of their associations with fleece traits in Corriedale sheep

Abstract : The aim of this research was to assess the variability and genetic relationships among binary traits denoting the presence or absence of objectionable fibers, namely pigmented (BINPPF), medullated (BINPMED), and kemp fibers (BINPK), and of fleece traits (fiber diameter [FD] and clean fleece weight [CFW]) in Corriedale sheep. Additionally, the total response to selection against objectionable fibers and indirect responses when selecting for fleece traits were evaluated. Fiber records from 679 animals and fleece records from 795 animals obtained from 2 experimental flocks (from 2005 to 2007) were used; the pedigree file included a total of 3,792 animals. Heritability and genetic correlations among the traits were estimated with a multivariate animal model under a Bayesian setting. Heritability estimates (posterior SD) for BINPPF, BINPMED, and BINPK were 0.35 (0.08), 0.37 (0.10), and 0.63 (0.09), respectively; for CFW and FD, estimates were 0.42 (0.09) and 0.43 (0.08), respectively. The genetic correlations between CFW and the 3 types of objectionable fibers were very low (i.e., <0.2). Thus selection for CFW is not expected to affect the number of such fibers in any direction. The same occurred for the genetic correlation between BINPK and FD. Genetic correlations between FD and BINPMED and FD and BINPPF were positive and favorable (0.50 and 0.56, respectively). Selecting for lower FD would decrease the numbers of objectionable fibers. The expected correlated responses in BINPPF, BINPMED, and BINPK when selecting for CFW were -0.03 (0.11), 0.03 (0.11), and -0.05 (0.18), respectively; when selecting for FD, the correlated responses were -0.26 (0.11), -0.26 (0.11), and -0.14 (0.16). Overall, this study reports novel information on genetic parameters for the presence of objectionable fibers and their associations with fleece traits in sheep. Our findings suggest that it could be possible to improve FD while at the same time reducing the content of BINPMED and BINPPF in wool; however, improvements in CFW are likely to have no effect on the numbers of objectionable fibers.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01880468
Contributor : Mariella Botta <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 9:07:03 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:06 PM

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A. L. Sánchez, J. I. Urioste, F. Peñagaricano, K. Neimaur, I. Sienra, et al.. Genetic parameters of objectionable fibers and of their associations with fleece traits in Corriedale sheep. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2016, 94 (1), pp.13 - 20. ⟨10.2527/jas.2015-9619⟩. ⟨pasteur-01880468⟩

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