Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Etiology of childhood diarrhea in Zliten, Libya.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To determine the etiological agents of diarrhea in children from a small semi-urban city in Libya and the association of age, gender, seasonal variation, breast-feeding, source of water for drinking, or antibiotic use with the isolation of enteropathogens and whether such agents are community or hospital acquired. METHODS: Using standard microbiological techniques we examined stool samples from 169 children (70 females) aged a few days to 12 years with acute diarrhea for viral, bacterial and parasitological agents. We used the disc diffusion method to determine the susceptibility of bacterial pathogens to antimicrobial agents. We carried out the study between April 2000 to March 2001. RESULTS: We detected a single agent in 44.4%, rotavirus in 26.6%, Salmonella in 13.6%, and Cryptosporidium in 13% of patients and other enteric pathogens, Shigella in 3.6%, Aeromonas in 5.5%, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar in 11.8, and Giardia lamblia in 1.2%. Serotyping of isolated Salmonella resulted in 21 being Salmonella enteric serotype heidelberg and 3 Salmonella enteritidis. We detected both serotypes in one child. More than 75% of the isolated Salmonella were resistant to 6 different commonly used antimicrobial agents. CONCLUSION: We found rotavirus, non-typhoid Salmonella and Cryptosporidium to be the most important enteric agents associated with childhood diarrhea in Zliten. The isolated bacterial pathogens showed high resistant rates, particularly among the Salmonella, to the commonly used antimicrobial agents. The ease of which one can obtain these drugs in Zliten may play a role in such resistance.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [40 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-02042667
Contributor : Abdelhakim Ben Hassine <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 20, 2019 - 3:09:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 9:33:13 AM

File

Ethiology_of_childhood_diarrhe...
Publication funded by an institution

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : pasteur-02042667, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16311662

Collections

Citation

Mustafa B. Ali, Khalifa Ghenghesh, Ridha Aissa, Ali Abuhelfaia, Mohamed Dufani. Etiology of childhood diarrhea in Zliten, Libya.. Saudi Medical Journal, Ministry of Defence And Aviation, 2005, 26 (11), pp.1759-1765. ⟨pasteur-02042667⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

35

Files downloads

59