A canine study of immunotherapy in scorpion envenomation

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of scorpion venom and antivenom in experimental envenomation. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory SUBJECTS: Twenty-nine anesthetized and ventilated dogs. INTERVENTIONS: The first group of animals had venom alone (0.05 mg/kg). Animals from the second group had simultaneous administration of 10 ml of scorpion antivenom (SAV). In the third and fourth groups, 10 ml and 40 ml SAV, respectively, were injected 10 min following venom. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Hemodynamic parameters using right heart catheter were recorded and dosage of catecholamines, neuropeptide Y (NPY), endothelin-1, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were performed at baseline and during 60 min following envenomation. In the control group, at 5 min, there was a sharp increase in pulmonary artery occluded pressure (PAOP, from 2 mmHg to 23 mmHg), mean arterial pressure (MAP, from 125 mmHg to 212 mmHg) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR, from 2450 dyn sec(-1 )m(5) to 5775 dyn sec(-1 )m(5), P<0.05 for all). Heart rate, cardiac output, and stroke volume decreased. There was a 40-fold increase in epinephrine and norepinephrine plasma concentrations. Circulating NPY and ANP dosages increased too. PAOP and MAP decreased thereafter to reach baseline levels. Simultaneous administration of SAV with venom totally offset the hallmarks of scorpion envenomation. Delayed administration of SAV at any dosage failed to alter the features of scorpion envenomation. CONCLUSION: While simultaneous administration of SAV and scorpion venom is effective in preventing scorpion envenomation-related manifestations, delayed administration of SAV, either at standard or elevated dosages, failed to alter any of the scorpion envenomation features.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2019 - 12:31:56 PM
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Fekri Abroug, Semir Nouira, Souheil El Atrous, Lamia Besbes, Riadh Boukef, et al.. A canine study of immunotherapy in scorpion envenomation. Intensive Care Medicine, Springer Verlag, 2003, 29 (12), pp.2266-2276. ⟨10.1007/s00134-003-1947-0⟩. ⟨pasteur-02044168⟩

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