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Détection de la circulation de virus West Nile chez les Équidés dans le nord-ouest de la Tunisie

Abstract : Two outbreaks of West Nile Fever (FWN) were observed in the Sahel of Tunisia in 1997 and 2003. Several cases of meningitis and meningoencephalitis have been described in humans during these two outbreaks. However, no animal or clinical findings or seroconversion have been detected despite a high seroprevalence in human beings found around the affected areas. Few data are available regarding the spreading of this virus in other parts of the country. The purpose of this study was to detect a possible WNV spread in horses in some areas of Tunisia considered to be at risk for WNV but which had not been affected by previous outbreaks. A total of 133 equine blood samples were collected in six delegations from three governorates in the north-west of Tunisia. A second blood sampling was taken from animals that were tested negative after the first sampling for IgG to identify possible seroconversion. Detection of IgG was done using competitive ELISA. A significant viral spread was detected in the study area. Out of 133 samples tested for IgG during the first sampling, 36 samples were tested positive (27.1%). Two seroconversions were detected between September and October 2008 out of 84 samples tested. Statistical analysis showed a significant association between the presence of a wetland within 10 km and seroconversion. The presence of cattle seems to be a protective factor.
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Contributor : AbdelHakim Ben Hassine Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 28, 2019 - 11:59:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 10, 2021 - 8:14:01 PM

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T. Ben Hassine, S. Hammami, H. Elghoul, A. Ghram. Détection de la circulation de virus West Nile chez les Équidés dans le nord-ouest de la Tunisie. Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique , 2011, 104 (4), pp.266-271. ⟨10.1007/s13149-011-0173-1⟩. ⟨pasteur-02052103⟩



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