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Turnip mosaic virus components are released into the extracellular space by vesicles in infected leaves

Abstract : Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) reorganizes the endomembrane system of the infected cell to generate endoplasmic reticulum-derived motile vesicles containing viral replication complexes. The membrane-associated viral protein 6K2 plays a key role in the formation of these vesicles. Using confocal microscopy, we observed that this viral protein, a marker for viral replication complexes, localized in the extracellular space of infected Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. Previously, we showed that viral RNA is associated with multi-vesicular bodies (MVBs). Here, using transmission electron microscopy, we observed the proliferation of MVBs during infection and their fusion with the plasma membrane that resulted in the release of their intraluminal vesicles in the extracellular space. Immunogold labeling with a monoclonal antibody that recognizes double-stranded RNA indicated that the released vesicles contained viral RNA. Focused ion beam-extreme high-resolution scanning electron microscopy was used to generate a 3D image that showed extracellular vesicles in the cell wall. The presence of TuMV proteins in the extracellular space was confirmed by proteomic analysis of purified extracellular vesicles from Nicotiana benthamiana and Arabidopsis thaliana. Host proteins involved in biotic defense and in inter-organelle vesicular exchange were also detected. The association of extracellular vesicles with viral proteins and RNA emphasizes the implication of the plant extracellular space in viral infection.
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Contributor : Michel Courcelles Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 6:13:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 7, 2022 - 6:30:43 PM

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Nooshin Movahed, Daniel Garcia Cabanillas, Juan Wan, Hojatollah Vali, Jean-François Laliberté, et al.. Turnip mosaic virus components are released into the extracellular space by vesicles in infected leaves. Plant Physiology, 2019, pp.00381.2019. ⟨10.1104/pp.19.00381⟩. ⟨pasteur-02133028⟩



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