Higher odds of irritable bowel syndrome among hospitalized patients using cannabis

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The endogenous cannabinoid system modulates many brain-gut and gut-brain physiologic pathways, which are postulated to be dysfunctional in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Herein, we examine the relationship between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and having IBS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After selecting patients aged 18 years and above from the 2014 Nationwide Inpatient Survey, we used the International Classification of Diseases, 9th ed. codes to identify individuals with CUD, IBS, and the established risk factors for IBS. We then estimated the crude and adjusted odds ratios of having a diagnosis of IBS with CUD and assessed for the interactions of CUD with other risk factors (SAS 9.4). We confirmed our findings in two ways: conducting a similar analysis on a previous Nationwide Inpatient Survey data (2012); and using a greedy algorithm to design a propensity-scored case-control (1 : 10) study, approximating a pseudorandomized clinical trial. RESULTS: Out of 4 709 043 patients evaluated, 0.03% had a primary admission for IBS and 1.32% had CUD. CUD was associated with increased odds of IBS [adjusted odds ratio: 2.03; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.53-2.71]. CUD was related to higher odds for IBS among males compared with females (3.48; 1.98-6.12 vs. 1.48; 0.88-2.50), and Hispanics and Caucasians compared with Blacks (5.28; 1.77-15.76, 1.80; 1.02-3.18 vs. 1.80; 0.65-5.03). On propensity-matching, CUD was associated with 80% increased odds for IBS (1.82; 1.27-2.60). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that CUD is significantly associated with IBS among the general population. Males, Caucasians, and Hispanics might be more impacted by CUD associated IBS. Additional biomedical studies are required to elucidate this relationship.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 8:30:07 PM
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Adeyinka Adejumo, Tokunbo Ajayi, Oluwole Adegbala, Terence Bukong. Higher odds of irritable bowel syndrome among hospitalized patients using cannabis. European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2019, pp.1. ⟨10.1097/MEG.0000000000001382⟩. ⟨pasteur-02133238⟩

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