Coordination of Transcription Factor Phosphorylation and Histone Methylation by the P-TEFb Kinase during Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transcription

Abstract : The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein recruits positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) to the transactivation response (TAR) RNA structure to facilitate formation of processive transcription elongation complexes (TECs). Here we examine the role of the Tat/TAR-specified cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) kinase activity in regulation of HIV-1 transcription elongation and histone methylation. In HIV-1 TECs, P-TEFb phosphorylates the RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) and the transcription elongation factors SPT5 and Tat-SF1 in a Tat/TAR-dependent manner. Using in vivo chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis, we demonstrate the following distinct properties of the HIV-1 transcription complexes. First, the RNAP II CTD is phosphorylated at Ser 2 and Ser 5 near the promoter and at downstream coding regions. Second, the stable association of SPT5 with the TECs is dependent upon P-TEFb kinase activity. Third, P-TEFb kinase activity is critical for the induction of methylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 and lysine 36 on HIV-1 genes. Flavopiridol, a potent P-TEFb kinase inhibitor, inhibits CTD phosphorylation, stable SPT5 binding, and histone methylation, suggesting that its potent antiviral activity is due to its ability to inhibit several critical and unique steps in HIV-1 transcription elongation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 30, 2019 - 2:47:15 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 5, 2019 - 9:28:59 AM

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M. Zhou, L. Deng, Vincent Lacoste, Hyeon Park, A. Pumfery, et al.. Coordination of Transcription Factor Phosphorylation and Histone Methylation by the P-TEFb Kinase during Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transcription. Journal of Virology, American Society for Microbiology, 2004, 78 (24), pp.13522-13533. ⟨10.1128/JVI.78.24.13522-13533.2004⟩. ⟨pasteur-02197610⟩

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