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Prevalence of Bordetella Infection in a Hospital Setting in Niamey, Niger

Abstract : Bordetella pertussis still poses an important health threat in developing countries. In Niger, notified pertussis cases are few despite the low diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis/pentavalent vaccine coverage. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of B. pertussis in children aged <5 years consulting at a pediatric ward. A 5-month study in 2011 recruited 342 children with respiratory symptoms at the National Hospital of Niamey. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were tested by culture and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Overall, 34 (11.2%) of the 305 available nasopharyngeal aspirates tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction were positive for a Bordetella spp., with an estimated prevalence of 8.2 cases per 1000 children aged <5. None was notified to the surveillance network. A single specimen was positive on culture. This study, the first to provide laboratory-confirmed data on pertussis in Niger, highlights the need to sensitize health care personnel to actively notify clinical cases and to integrate laboratory diagnosis in the existing surveillance system.
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Contributor : Jean-Marc Collard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 10:36:54 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 18, 2022 - 4:18:01 PM

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Viviane Jusot, Said Aberrane, Franck Ale, Boubou Laouali, Issa Moussa, et al.. Prevalence of Bordetella Infection in a Hospital Setting in Niamey, Niger. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2014, 60 (3), pp.223-230. ⟨10.1093/tropej/fmu001⟩. ⟨pasteur-03238536⟩



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