Effects of multiple feedings on sensitized rabbits on the fitness of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Acta Tropica Year : 2022

Effects of multiple feedings on sensitized rabbits on the fitness of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae)

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Abstract

In the present study, we evaluated the effects of antibodies anti-sandfly saliva on the fecundity of Phlebotomus papatasi, vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World. Rabbits were repeatedly exposed to sandfly bites. Immune sera showed increased levels of anti-sandfly saliva antibody compared to the pre-exposition period. The analysis of biological parameters revealed no decline on the feeding success of females P. papatasi fed on rabbits repeatedly exposed to sandfly bites. Our results showed that anti-sandfly saliva antibodies of rabbits are not detrimental to the fitness of females P. papatasi. Thus, rabbits did not acquire resistance to sandflies following repeated exposures, and that contribute in maintaining a high density of P. papatasi. To control sandfly infestations and Leishmania transmission, more studies are needed for a better understanding of the mechanisms governing the resistance of hosts to bites of sandflies.
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pasteur-03528309 , version 1 (17-01-2022)

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Malek Trimèche, Thouraya Boussoffara, Ifhem Chelbi, Saifedine Cherni, Sami Zhioua, et al.. Effects of multiple feedings on sensitized rabbits on the fitness of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). Acta Tropica, 2022, 228, pp.106303. ⟨10.1016/j.actatropica.2022.106303⟩. ⟨pasteur-03528309⟩

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