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Mucosal human papillomavirus detection and TP53 immunohistochemical expression in non‐melanoma skin cancer in Tunisian patients

Abstract : Background: Several studies have reported the oncogenic role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) carcinogenesis. Considering that HPV could affect tumor protein 53 (TP53) degradation via E6 oncoprotein, we evaluated the expression of TP53 according to HPV infection and E6 expression. Methods: Biopsy specimens from 79 NMSCs (28 squamous cell carcinomas, 21 keratoacanthomas and 30 basal cell carcinomas) were enrolled. Nested PCR was used to detect mucosal HPV (mHPV) DNA. Genotyping was performed by reverse line hybridization. Expression of TP53 and E6 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results: mHPVs were detected in 34.2% (27/79) of NMSC, with 92.6% (25/27) of high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) types. HPV16-E6-positive expression was observed in all HPV16-positive samples. TP53 high expression was found in 51.4% (37/72) of specimens. In this group, 78.4% were HPV-negative (P = 0.014). TP53 expression was negative in 8/10 of HPV E6-positive specimens. Multivariate analysis showed that TP53 was associated with HPV infection independently of histopathologic type (P = 0.005). Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence of mHPV in NMSC. Active infections assessed by E6 expression are associated with loss of p53 function, highlighting the involvement of mHPV in NMSC carcinogenesis.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03540700
Contributor : Abdelhakim Ben Hassine Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 24, 2022 - 10:53:41 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 24, 2022 - 5:33:25 PM

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Ines Ben Ayed, Haifa Tounsi, Amira Jaballah, Monia Ardhaoui, Afifa Maaloul, et al.. Mucosal human papillomavirus detection and TP53 immunohistochemical expression in non‐melanoma skin cancer in Tunisian patients. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, Wiley, 2019, 46 (8), pp.591 - 598. ⟨10.1111/cup.13473⟩. ⟨pasteur-03540700⟩

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