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Nested PCR followed by NGS: Validation and application for HPV genotyping of Tunisian cervical samples

Abstract : The most used methodologies for HPV genotyping in Tunisian studies are based on hybridization that are limited to a restricted number of HPV types and to a lack of specificity and sensitivity for same types. Recently, Next-Generation sequencing (NGS) technology has been efficiently used for HPV genotyping. In this work we designed and validated a sensitive genotyping method based on nested PCR followed by NGS. Eighty-six samples were tested for the validation of an HPV genotyping assay based on Nested-PCR followed by NGS. These include, 43 references plasmids and 43 positive HPV clinical cervical specimens previously evaluated with the conventional genotyping method: Reverse Line Hybridization (RLH). Results of genotyping using NGS were compared to those of RLH. The analytical sensitivity of the NGS assay was 1GE/μl per sample. The NGS allowed the detection of all HPV types presented in references plasmids. On the clinical samples, a total of 19 HPV types were detected versus 14 types using RLH. Besides the identification of more HPV types in multiple infection (6 types for NGS versus 4 for RLH), NGS allowed the identification of HPV types that were not detected by RLH. In addition, the NGS assay detected newly HPV types that were not described in Tunisia so far: HPV81, HPV43, HPV74, and HPV62. The high sensitivity and specificity of NGS for HPV genotyping in addition to the identification of new HPV types may justify the use of such technique to provide with high accuracy the profile of circulating types in epidemiological studies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 1:08:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 6:38:51 PM

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Monia Ardhaoui, Emna Ennaifer, Anna de Matos Salim, Flá Vio Marcom Gomez, Thalja Laasili, et al.. Nested PCR followed by NGS: Validation and application for HPV genotyping of Tunisian cervical samples. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2021, 16 (8), pp.e0255914. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0255914⟩. ⟨pasteur-03545627⟩

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