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Phylogenetic analysis of the neuraminidase segment gene of Influenza A/H1N1 strains isolated from Monastir Region (Tunisia) during the 2017–2018 outbreak

Abstract : Influenza A/H1N1 is widely considered to be a very evolutionary virus causing major public health problems. Since the pandemic of 2009, there has been a rapid rise in human Influenza virus characterization. However, little data is available in Tunisia regarding its genetic evolution. In light of this fact, our paper aim is to genetically characterize the Neuraminidase, known as the target of antiviral inhibitors, in Tunisian isolates circulating in Monastir region during 2017-2018. In total of 31 positive Influenza A/H1N1 detected by multiplex real-time PCR, RT-PCR of neuraminidase was performed. Among the 31 positive samples, 7 samples representing fatal and most severe cases were conducted for sequencing and genetic analysis. The results thus obtained showed genetic evolution of the A/H1N1 neuraminidase between 2009 and 2010 and 2018-2019 outbreaks. All Tunisian isolates were genetically related to the recommended vaccine strain with a specific evolution. Moreover, the phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that France and especially Italian strains were the major related strains. Interestingly, our results revealed a specific cluster of Tunisian isolates where two intragroup were evolved in correlation with the severity and the fatalities cases. From the outcome of our investigation, this study confirms the genetic evolution of the Influenza A virus circulating in Tunisia and gives a preliminary analysis for a better comprehension of new emerging Tunisian strain's virulence and thus, a more appropriate monitoring of Influenza virus A/H1N1 during each round of outbreaks.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 11:59:46 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 1, 2022 - 3:12:11 PM

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Sabrine Ben Hamed, Aida Elargoubi, Myriam Harrabi, Haythem Srihi, Oussema Souiai, et al.. Phylogenetic analysis of the neuraminidase segment gene of Influenza A/H1N1 strains isolated from Monastir Region (Tunisia) during the 2017–2018 outbreak. Biologia, Springer Verlag, 2021, 76 (6), pp.1797 - 1806. ⟨10.1007/s11756-021-00723-y⟩. ⟨pasteur-03547120⟩

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