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New neural network classification method for individuals ancestry prediction from SNPs data

Abstract : Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithms have been widely used to analyse genomic data. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms(SNPs) represent the genetic variations, the most common in the human genome, it has been shown that they are involved in many genetic diseases, and can be used to predict their development. Developing ANN to handle this type of data can be considered as a great success in the medical world. However, the high dimensionality of genomic data and the availability of a limited number of samples can make the learning task very complicated. In this work, we propose a New Neural Network classification method based on input perturbation. The idea is first to use SVD to reduce the dimensionality of the input data and to train a classification network, which prediction errors are then reduced by perturbing the SVD projection matrix. The proposed method has been evaluated on data from individuals with different ancestral origins, the experimental results have shown the effectiveness of the proposed method. Achieving up to 96.23% of classification accuracy, this approach surpasses previous Deep learning approaches evaluated on the same dataset.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03550381
Contributor : Abdelhakim Ben Hassine Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 1, 2022 - 9:04:23 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 2, 2022 - 4:23:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 8:49:09 AM

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H. Soumare, S. Rezgui, N. Gmati, A. Benkahla. New neural network classification method for individuals ancestry prediction from SNPs data. BioData Mining, BioMed Central, 2021, 14 (1), pp.30. ⟨10.1186/s13040-021-00258-7⟩. ⟨pasteur-03550381⟩

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