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Comparison of conventional molecular and whole-genome sequencing methods for subtyping Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis strains from Tunisia

Abstract : We sought to determine the relative value of conventional molecular methods and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for subtyping Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis recovered from 2000 to 2015 in Tunisia and to investigate the genetic diversity of this serotype. A total of 175 Salmonella Enteritidis isolates were recovered from human, animal, and foodborne outbreak samples. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), and wholegenome sequencing were performed. Eight pulsotypes were detected for all isolates with PFGE (DI = 0.518). Forty-five Salmonella Enteritidis isolates were selected for the MLVA and WGS techniques. Eighteen MLVA profiles were identified and classified into two major clusters (DI = 0.889). Core genome multilocus typing (cgMLST) analysis revealed 16 profiles (DI = 0.785). Whole-genome analysis indicated 660 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) divergences dividing these isolates into 43 haplotypes (DI = 0.997). The phylogenetic tree supported the classification of Salmonella Enteritidis isolates into two distinct lineages subdivided into five clades and seven subclades. Pairwise SNP differences between the isolates ranged between 302 and 350. We observed about 311 SNP differences between the two foodborne outbreaks, while only less or equal to 4 SNP differences within each outbreak. SNP-based WGS typing showed an excellent discriminatory power comparing with the conventional methods such as PFGE and MLVA. Besides, we demonstrate the added value of WGS as a complementary subtyping method to discriminate outbreak from non-outbreak isolates belonging to common subtypes. It is important to continue the survey of Salmonella Enteritidis lineages in Tunisia using WGS.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 8, 2022 - 1:05:01 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 10:10:55 AM

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Boutheina Ksibi, Sonia Ktari, Houcemeddine Othman, Kais Ghedira, Sonda Maalej, et al.. Comparison of conventional molecular and whole-genome sequencing methods for subtyping Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis strains from Tunisia. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Springer Verlag, 2020, 40 (3), pp.597 - 606. ⟨10.1007/s10096-020-04055-8⟩. ⟨pasteur-03561613⟩

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